Rigging in Mining: Essential for Safety & Efficiency

Rigging in mining is the process of securing and transporting mining equipment.

Rigging in mining
Rigging in mining

Rigging in mining is the process of securing and transporting mining equipment. Other industries, such as construction and sailing, also use the term. Heavily loaded machinery and loads are lifted, moved, and positioned using various tools and techniques. Different industries require different processes, and sometimes specialized training is required. However, the primary goal remains the same – handling and transporting heavy loads. In the mining industry, riggers ensure that equipment is moved safely and efficiently.

It may be more complex to transport large mining machines than a car or even a smaller piece of equipment. Safety and efficiency are crucial for riggers.

Rigging in mining can be dangerous, so riggers must be properly trained and qualified. Riggers must have a strong understanding of the principles of physics and engineering, as well as the safe operating procedures for a variety of rigging equipment. They must also be physically fit and able to work in a variety of conditions, including extreme hot, cold, and dust.

Rigging requires a high level of skill and knowledge, as it involves handling heavy objects with complex equipment. Additionally, riggers must be able to think critically and quickly in order to solve problems that may arise. Furthermore, riggers must be aware of any potential risks or hazards in their working environment and be prepared to take action if necessary.

How rigging is used in mining

  • Riggers will be responsible for assembling and installing all mining equipment when a new mine is opened. This includes excavators, bulldozers, and haul trucks.
  • Riggers are also used to move mining equipment around the mine site as needed. For instance, if a new vein of ore is discovered, riggers are responsible for moving the necessary equipment to the newly discovered location.
  • Riggers also maintain mining equipment. Riggers, for example, are responsible for disassembling equipment, transporting it to a repair shop, and reassembling it after the repairs have been completed.

Mines depend heavily on rigging for safe and efficient operation, and riggers play an important role in that process.

What types of equipment are used for rigging in mining?

A variety of mining rigging equipment is used in mines to lift, move, and position heavy machinery and loads. Some of the most common types of mining rigging equipment include:

Wire Rope slings used in rigging

Wire rope slings: Wire rope slings are one of the most versatile types of rigging equipment. They can be used to lift and move a wide variety of loads, including heavy machinery, equipment, and materials.

Chain slings
Chain slings

Chain slings: Chain slings are another versatile rigging tool. Equipment and machinery that are heavy are often moved and lifted using them. Chain slings are also commonly used with other rigging equipment, such as wire rope slings and hooks.

synthetic Slings
synthetic Slings

Synthetic slings: Synthetic slings are made from synthetic materials, such as nylon and polyester. They are often used to lift and move delicate or fragile loads. Additionally, synthetic slings are lightweight and easy to handle, making them an ideal choice for tight spaces.

Hooks

Hooks: Hooks connect slings, chains, and other rigging equipment to loads. There are a variety of hooks available, each designed for a specific purpose. Some of the most common mining hooks include choker hooks, eye hooks, and clevis hooks.

Shackles

Shackles: Shackles are used to connect slings, chains, and other rigging equipment to each other. They are also used to connect rigging equipment to loads. Shackles are available in a variety of sizes and materials, depending on the application.

Turnbuckles

Turnbuckles: Turnbuckles are used to adjust tension on slings, chains, and other rigging equipment. Also, they are used to create tension in rigging systems. According to their application, turnbuckles come in different sizes and materials.

Cranes

Cranes: Cranes lift and move heavy machinery and loads. Cranes come in a variety of types, each designed for a specific task. Mobile cranes, crawler cranes, and tower cranes are some of the most common types of cranes used in mining.

Hoists

Hoists: Hoists lift and move loads vertically. They are often used with cranes to lift and move heavy machinery and loads. A hoist is also commonly used to lower and raise workers and materials in mining shafts.

Winches

Winches: Winches pull and drag loads. They are often used in mining to pull heavy machinery and equipment up slopes. Winches are also commonly used to load and unload materials from trucks and trailers.

Rigging blocks
Rigging blocks

Rigging blocks: Rigging blocks are used to change the direction of force and amplify the lifting power of rigging systems. For lifting and moving heavy machinery and loads, they are often used in conjunction with cranes and hoists.

Besides the equipment listed above, specialized mining rigging equipment is also used. Some examples of specialized mining rigging equipment include:

  • Man cages: Man cages are used to lower and raise workers in mining shafts.
  • Skip buckets: Skip buckets transport ore and materials from mining shafts.
  • Headframes: Headframes are towers used to support man cages and skip buckets in mining shafts.
  • Conveyor belts: Conveyor belts transport ore and materials around mines.

Mining rigging equipment is essential for mine safety and efficiency.

What does a rigger do in mining?

In the mining sector, riggers work on various forms of lifting and loading. A rigger is responsible for ensuring that equipment and materials are safely moved around a mine site. It’s a crucial aspect of any project as improper rigging can jeopardize the safety of people working on the site. In addition, it can damage expensive equipment or supplies.

The primary duties of a rigger are:

Selecting the right rigging gear

Different jobs require different machinery and equipment. It’s a rigger’s responsibility to identify the most appropriate lifting equipment for that specific job.

First, the rigger must assess the loads depending on their shape, weight, size, and lifting method. This is to determine the appropriate equipment to use. He or she will then sling the load or set up the equipment to ensure safety and efficiency during use.

Examining and testing the rigging gear

Riggers must follow safety guidelines at all times. He must evaluate and test the equipment to determine its safety, efficiency, ease of use and functionality. The rigger should also handle repairs and maintenance.

Additional duties include:

  • Attaching, connecting or disassembling heavy machinery components
  • Controlling and ensuring machinery functionality during use
  • Erecting temporary lifting devices like hoists, and installing lifting tackle
  • Setting up mobile cranes and adjusting tower crane height using rigging gear
  • Constructing scaffolding by lifting, aligning, and bolting machinery
  • Connecting hooks, clamps, and slings to hoisting equipment to lift loads using sling equipment

Safety procedures for rigging in mining

It is vital to follow rigging safety procedures when lifting and moving heavy machinery and loads in order to prevent accidents and injuries. Rigging safety procedures include:

  • Inspect all rigging equipment before use. Look for any signs of damage or wear and tear. Replace any damaged or worn rigging equipment immediately.
  • Use the right rigging equipment for the job. Make sure that the rigging equipment you use can safely lift and move the load.
  • Properly rig the load. Make sure that the load is properly secured to the rigging equipment. Use the correct knots and hitches.
  • Use hand signals to communicate with other workers. This will help ensure that everyone is on the same page and that the lift is performed safely.
  • Be aware of your surroundings. Make sure that there are no people or obstacles in the way of the load.
  • Do not overload rigging equipment. Rigging equipment should never be used to lift or move loads heavier than its capacity.
  • Do not lift or move a load over people. This is a major safety hazard.
  • Do not lift or move a suspended load. If the load needs to be moved, lower it to the ground first.
  • Do not leave a suspended load unattended. Always have someone with the load until it is safely lowered to the ground.

In addition to the general rigging safety procedures listed above, there are also specific safety procedures when using certain types of rigging equipment. For example, when operating a crane, it is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions. It is also important to use a qualified crane operator.

Here are some additional rigging safety tips:

  • Always wear personal protective equipment (PPE) when rigging. This includes safety hats, glasses, gloves, and steel-toed boots.
  • Be aware of rigging hazards, such as pinch points, crushing hazards, and falling hazards.
  • Take your time and be careful when rigging. Do not rush.
  • If you are unsure about any aspect of rigging, ask for help from a qualified rigger.

By following these rigging safety procedures, you can prevent accidents and injuries when lifting and moving heavy machinery and loads.

Top 5 mining Rigging companies

Top 5 companies in mining rigging
top 5 companies in mining rigging

Based on factors such as revenue, market share, and customer satisfaction, here are the top 5 mining rigging companies. These companies offer a wide range of mining rigging equipment, including cranes, hoists, slings, shackles, and other accessories. They also provide a variety of services, such as inspections, maintenance, and training. These companies’ products and services are essential for mine safety and efficiency around the world.

  1. Caterpillar manufactures a variety of cranes and hoists for lifting and moving heavy equipment in the mining industry.
  2. Komatsu manufactures a wide range of earthmoving equipment, such as excavators and bulldozers, which are often used to rig mines.
  3. Liebherr produces mining equipment, including cranes, excavators, and wheel loaders.
  4. Hitachi Construction Machinery offers a wide range of mining equipment, including excavators, dump trucks, and wheel loaders.
  5. Sandvik : manufactures mining equipment, including drilling rigs, loading machines, and haulage trucks.

3 Comments

  1. It made sense when you mentioned that rigging requires specific measures one should follow. My friend needs a rigger for their project. I should advise him to turn to a firm that deploys well-trained riggers.

  2. I totally agree when you said that it is important to use hand signals in order to communicate with your coworkers so that everyone is on the same page while doing the lift safely. And this means that workers from a certain company will have to attend a rigging training program in order to understand the signs or signals. All of them should have the same understanding of the gestures they will be using and seeing from everyone because it will prevent accidents and other issues during their operation.

  3. I find it interesting when you said that there are added specific safety procedures that have to be followed aside from the general rigging services safety protocols, especially depending on the equipment you will be using. I can’t imagine how important it is for the workers in those types of industries to undergo proper training that includes those pieces of information. In my opinion, it will not only be for their own safety, but it will also prevent any accidents from happening and affecting other workers assigned in the vicinity even if they are not the direct operators of the machine.

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