Mining industries in India: The country wants to take its metal-based industries to the next level

India has the world’s fourth greatest coal reserves. In addition,…

metal-based industries in India

India has the world’s fourth greatest coal reserves. In addition, the country is the world’s second-largest coal importer. Also, India is rich in owning metal-based industries. Mining is one of the key industries that propel an economy forward. It contributes to GDP and serves as a stimulant for expanding other major industries such as power, steel, and cement.

As a result, they’re crucial for the economy’s general growth. According to the findings, a 1% increase in the mining growth rate results in a 1.2–1.4% increase in the expansion of mining industries in India

India’s GDP is increasing. The majority of minerals are abundant in India. There are 87 minerals produced in the country, including four fuel minerals, ten metallic minerals, 47 non-metallic minerals, three atomic minerals, and 23 minor minerals (including building and other materials). This means there is a good scope of metal and mining industries in India

Future of the Mining Industry in India

India is the world’s second-fastest-growing economy despite the global slowdown, trailing only China. Minerals, as well as mining services, are in high demand in the country. It is becoming more organized in India, and firms are beginning to outsource parts of their projects to mining service companies. Contract mining could prove to be a viable solution to the country’s ongoing coal shortage.

Besides this, if someone is looking for a career change or looking for something different, you can enter India’s metal-based industries.

Advantages of the Metal And Mining Industry in India

An increase in infrastructural construction is fueling growth. The metal and mining industries in India also benefit from the rise of the power and cement industries. Iron ore exports reached US$ 2.23 billion in FY22 (through August 2021), an increase of 21.8 percent, according to the Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence & Statistics,

Metal Industries in India, like steel and alumina, India has a reasonable cost of production and conversion advantage. The number of reporting mining industries in India is expected to be 1,245, including 525 reporting mines for metallic minerals and 720 reporting mines for non-metallic minerals as of FY22.

Size of the Market 

In Financial Year 2021, the country produced 715.95 million tonnes (MT) of coal. India produced 379.597 million tonnes of coal between April and October 2021. (MT). 

Metal industries in India are the world’s fourth-largest producer of iron ore. In FY21, iron ore production was 204.48 million tonnes. India produced 204 MT of iron ore from April 2021 to January 2022.

India has a total of 878 steel factories manufacturing crude steel in FY20. In FY21, India produced 103.54 million tonnes of crude steel. According to statistics enthusiasts, India’s crude steel output increased 46.9% yearly to 9.2 million tonnes in May 2021, up from 5.8 million tonnes in May 2020.

India’s steel production will expand by 18% by FY22, reaching 120 million tonnes (MT). In FY21, India produced 102.49 million tonnes (MT) of crude steel, down from 9.5 MT in September 2021. SAIL produced 1.55 MT of hot metal, 1.44 MT of crude steel, and 1.46 MT of saleable steel in September 2021.

In FY21, India’s total aluminium production (primary and secondary) was 4.1 MT, making it the world’s second-largest. Between April 2020 and January 2021, aluminium output was 3,285,186 tonnes. As of 2021, India is the world’s second-largest coal producer. With a production of 99.6 MT in 2020, India would be the world’s second-largest crude steel metal based industry.

mining industries in India
mining industries in India

All About Metal And Mining Industries In India

Metal and mining industries in India use many different types of equipment as mining can take place on the surface or underground. The medium and type of material to be extracted determine the form of extraction required and the equipment used. Mining industries in India undergo three main steps of surface and underground mining. 

Extraction: It involves blasting, drilling, or digging to remove material from the mine site. 

Material handling: This includes sorting and loading materials for delivery to a waste area or a disposal site. 

Material processing: The final stage involves crushing, separating, crushing, refining, and smelting the mined ore or other goods in the off-site plant to turn them into finished products.

As aforesaid, mining industries in India do two types of mining, i.e., surface mining and underground mining. This is not only true for mining industries in India but also true for metal based industries in India. So, let’s talk about it part by part. 

Surface Mining 

Surface mining encompasses many techniques and is the most common method for non-combustible minerals, producing 97% of the volume mined. Miners choose to mine the surface to find ore near the surface.

There are three main ways to mine the surface. These methods include quarrying, strip mining, and surface mining. 

In quarries, miners can carve hard rock blocks for ornamental purposes, such as granite for construction. However, quarrying can also refer to the extraction of gravel, crushed stone, and sand using the same techniques as surface mining.

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The third type of surface mining is surface mining, which mainly mines thin layers of coal near the surface.

Surface mining is the process of excavating or removing materials from the surface of the Earth by digging. It is often used in construction, mining, manufacturing, and metal-based industries. It can extract ore from a mine or remove unwanted items like trash and debris. For your information, metal-based industries are those industries that are based on metals such as iron and steel. These industries form the base of all other industries, and therefore, it is also called Basic industries. 

The process of surface mining can also be used for land reclamation. This type of surface mining returns the land to its natural state after being disturbed by human activity.

Surface mining entails creating a large pit in the ground from which miners extract the required materials. It is a method by which miners can extract silver from the Earth. 

Another technique is underground silver mining. Sometimes removing the top of a hill with dynamite to reveal the rock material underneath is the first step in creating an open-pit mine. The rotary drill creates holes used to introduce explosives for this process.

Underground Mining 

India is one of the leading countries in the production of metals and minerals. The country has a significant share in metal-based industries, such as copper, iron ore, and zinc. The underground metal industries in India are worth over $1 billion. The sector employs more than 800,000 people and contributes to nearly 1% of the country’s GDP.

Minerals, ores, metals, or other deep underground assets require different mining techniques. Mining can involve hard rock or soft rock, requiring specific tools to extract the material. For example, tools used to excavate soft material may not provide enough power to cut through hard rock.

The use of mining equipment for underground mining includes process automation and zero-emissions facilities to keep miners safe.

Types of underground mining include: 

Room and Pillar Mining: Miners create ore columns to support the ceiling as they mine the rest of the desired material from space. The system can also use a continuous extraction system to extract materials instead of labor. 

Retreat Mining: This type follows the mining of rooms and turrets until the end of mining in the room. This method removes the pillars for their ore content for maximum material recovery. 

Explosive Mining: Explosive mining uses explosives to loosen rock and open up mining space, especially to remove hard rock from underground or surface mines.


Mining Industry in India has the significant potential for a new mining capacity of iron ore, bauxite, and coal and significant opportunities for future underground mining exploration. Infrastructure projects provide lucrative business opportunities for metal industries in India, like steel, zinc, and aluminum. 
Iron and steel are essential components of the real estate sector. Demand for these metal and mining industries in India will increase due to strong growth expectations in the commercial and residential construction sectors. So, if you like to be a part of the mining industry in India, contact to get the best deal.

Contributor: Mohit Jain

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