Caledonia plans to develop biggest gold mine in Zimbabwe

Caledonia Mining is exploring options to raise US$250 million to…

Caledonia Mining is exploring options to raise US$250 million to develop its Bilboes project into what could be Zimbabwe’s biggest gold mine.

The company, which also owns the Blanket gold mine in Zimbabwe, could raise the money via a combination of debt, its own cash reserves and equity, said Maurice Mason, Caledonia’s vice-president, corporate development.

The Bilboes project could potentially produce about 170,000oz ounces of gold annually, boosting Caledonia’s total bullion output to about 250,000oz, Mason said.



Caledonia, backed by investors including Cape Town-based fund manager Allan Gray, is one of a number of mining investors searching for new opportunities in Zimbabwe, even as the economy buckles from challenges such as intermittent power cuts, scarcity of US dollars and hyperinflation.

Caledonia, which plans to construct the Bilboes mine over two years, is doing studies to find solutions to reduce the upfront capital required, Mason said.


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“It will be Zimbabwe’s biggest gold mine by far,” Mason said via email. “We are considering phased capital raising, but that will depend on the outcome of the review of the feasibility study.”

While investors were cautious to commit to big mining projects, “our experience has been for quality projects with good returns and  investors have been supportive”, he said.

Zimbabwe has been struggling to attract big investors from early 2000 when its economy imploded after the government’s seizure of white-owned commercial farms for distribution to blacks.

The scarcity of dollars means some investors often struggle or fail to remit profits.

While Caledonia has been able to pay dividends from its Blanket mine, Mason said in general terms some international investors remain concerned about repatriating profits from investments in Zimbabwe as well as about the country’s policy stability.

“Foreign investors need to know they can repatriate the fruits of their investment,” Mason said.

Gold is among Zimbabwe’s top foreign currency earning commodities with tobacco and platinum metals mined by units of Impala Platinum and Anglo American Platinum.

Caledonia, which has long sought to expand gold output in Zimbabwe, acquired the Bilboes project in 2022. It’s also searching for more gold deposits at Motapa and Maligreen projects.

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